The draftsmanship is also nothing like any real 14th-century map. Figure 2 The parchment itself is dull fawn, in reasonable condition and clean, with an additional strip of parchment securing the spine and small squares of parchment patching over a number of small holes.
The map is claimed to be a 15th-century world map that holds unique information about the Norse exploration of America.
Had the VM been drawn in a medieval iron gallotannate ink, a yellowing at the borders of the ink such as that seen on the map might have been expected. How could someone from the middle ages have illustrated Greenland to look so similar to how it is depicted today?
Originally all three could have been bound together.
It is NPOV, and it is responsible, sober encyclopedia writing that will stand the test of time. Caroline Dodds Pennock of the University of Sheffield said. In some cases, mysterious people of interest have been identified.
If it is truly a 15th century map, where has it been for the past years? Experiments studying how components like anatase and calcite are taken up, transported and reacts in the parchment and ink during parchment production, application of ink, drying sand and successive wet treatments.
Was It The Vikings? According to the group, the brown dwarf appeared to have planets or large satellites encircling it. The unstippled area at the northern tip represents land not surveyed until after Earlier testing on the map determined its parchment was made from a cow.
The rubrication of the Tartar Relation, indicative of vermilion. The dates surrounding the Wilkes Land Crater suggest that it might be associated with the Permian-Triassic extinction event, which occurred million years ago and is believed to be the largest extinction event since the origin of complex life.
The latter, when ground, forms as irregular, jagged particles of widely varying dimensions. His stories lured Leif Ericson to the area. In our paper Larsen, R. This is likely to include cleaning, resurfacing, and may well include re-inking of parts damaged by over-zealous cleaning. The construction looks old, but no research has been done to determine their precise age.
Microscope47, McNaughton11 has proposed that a printing ink based upon chromite FeCr2O4 was used.Analysis of Pigmentary Materials on the Vinland Map and Tartar Relation by Raman Microprobe Spectroscopy Studies by Raman microprobe spectroscopy have shown that the black ink defining each feature on the controversial Vinland Map consists of carbon that overlays a yellow line containing anatase.
The aim of this study was to examine. Kyle Bartsch The Vinland Map: The Controversy Continues -Abstract-The Vinland Map is believed to predate Christopher Columbus’ expedition by.
Jun 19, · The map is claimed to be a 15th-century world map that holds unique information about the Norse exploration of America. In addition to showing Africa, Asia, and Europe, the map depicts a landmass south-west of Greenland in the Atlantic Ocean labeled as Vinland. After years of study, the proofs of the book, The Vinland Map and the Tartar Relation,  were ready by the end ofand Mellon donated the Map to Yale.
The book was published, and the Map revealed to the world, the day before Columbus Day, Talk:Vinland map Jump to given the controversial nature of some of his statements to the press. There is actually a basic failure of the peer-review process at the heart of all this, and perhaps the next major study of the Vinland Map should focus on that.
Researchers may have discovered evidence that validates the Vinland Map, debunking the popular belief that Christopher Columbus discovered America.
One Mysterious Map.Download