Biodiversity growth and extinction

To further confirm the above, numerous studies on fossils and geological observations have concluded that rapid climate shifts have always resulted in massive species extinction events.

The hyperbolic pattern of the world population growth arises from a second-order positive feedback between the population size and the rate of technological growth. In Bangladesh and India, for example, logging of trees and forests means that the floods during the monsoon seasons can be very deadly.

Why do people heedlessly decimate the precious biodiversity of their planet? It is estimated that species are disappearing at least Biodiversity growth and extinction the natural rate. Ranked in descending order of severity, they are: Compare those costs to taking precautionary measures such as protecting forests and promoting more sustainable forms of development.

They have occurred for a very long time and are actually necessary in many cases to regulate population numbers and even for species to spread in certain cases e. Sea level rise alone will result in species extinctions… The thought of the scale of species extinctions through climate change alone is disturbing.

These animals are also much more susceptible to hunting in forest fragments, which accounts for much of the decline in animal populations in rainforests.

The history of biodiversity during the Phanerozoic the last million yearsstarts with rapid growth during the Cambrian explosion —a period during which nearly every phylum of multicellular organisms first appeared.

The Sixth Extinction

Most of the habitats being destroyed are those which contain the highest levels of biodiversity, such as lowland tropical wet forests. Thus localities at lower latitudes have more species than localities at higher latitudes. Canopy trees dominate the forest structure, and they provide fruits and shelter for many animals.

If temperatures were to rise by 2 degrees centigrade by as predicted under most scenarios this alone will without doubt result in the loss of a very significant portion of all species present on the Earth today most still unknown It makes little sense to act to preserve biodiversity in given ecosystems today but on the other hand to ignore the much greater threat that climate change will have on biodiversity and these ecosystems in the short to medium term.

Other animals are trapped for their hides or furs, and some are killed because they live too close to human habitation and impinge on human activities.

For instance, ocelots and other small carnivores may be shot when they attempt to prey on chickens or other domestic animals. In these ways many tropical plants and trees depend upon animals, for, without them, they will not be able to reproduce. Most tropical trees are pollinated by animals, and therefore the maintenance of adequate pollinator population levels is essential for forest health.

Perhaps predictably, that did not happen.This chapter aims to focus on the pressures exerted on biodiversity as a direct impact of human influences.

Humans have a tremendous impact on other species on the planet should it be from direct impacts (e.g. Human food consumption) or indirect impacts as a result of our activities (e.g.

mining, industrialization, pollutions). Biodiversity is not evenly distributed, rather it varies greatly across the globe as well as within regions. Among other factors, the diversity of all living things depends on temperature, precipitation, altitude, soils, geography and the presence of other study of the spatial distribution of organisms, species and ecosystems, is the science of biogeography.

Biodiversity is under serious threat as a result of human activities. The main dangers worldwide are population growth and resource consumption, climate change and global warming, habitat conversion and urbanisation, invasive alien species, over-exploitation of.

The Expansion of Modern Agriculture and Global Biodiversity Decline: An Integrated Assessment ☆. Biodiversity is an important global issue.

More than just 'I want my children to enjoy it', rich diversity allows medicines and foods to be naturally available. A healthy ecosystem maintains itself even with some natural disaster prevention mechanisms in most ecosystems.

5) Causes of recent declines in biodiversity

We also get various free services from the surrounding environment, which are not easily replaceable or replicable, so. The loss of biodiversity is increasing. There is massive extinction from human activity. For example, fish stocks are dwindling, forest loss is resulting in the loss of many species, land and other resources are being misused, leading to various long terms costs.

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Biodiversity growth and extinction
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