All these analyses indicate that water is not fit for drinking purposes [ 74 ]. The higher level of Fe in body also causes many health problems such as weakening of cardiovascular tissue, central nervous system, kidney, and liver, blood problems, vomiting, and diarrhea [ ].
The most serious pollutants in terms of human health worldwide are pathogenic organisms. Utilization of such water for beneficial use causes contrary effects on environment and public health.
Water Quality Status in Twin Cities To evaluate the drinking water quality of Islamabad, drinking water samples had been collected from schools and colleges. Water Availability Nature has gifted Pakistan with enough ground and surface water resources.
Cardiovascular disease may be caused by the basic cations deficiency such as calcium Ca and magnesium Mg [ ].
Dental fluorosis was also found in many districts such as Raiwind, Pattoki, and Kasur [ 43 ]. But unfortunately 3 million gallons of this water came from domestic pumps that come out from subsoil water and tube well [ 40 ]. Water Quality Status in Punjab Drinking water quality and chlorination effect of two villages in south Punjab were analyzed [ 73 ].
View at Google Scholar S. The bacterial analysis of drinking water samples of tube well, hand pumps, and turbines from Gangapur villageFaisalabad, had a clear image of cow dung and municipal waste water contamination causing stomach diseases, that is, diarrhea, especially in infants [ 81 ].
Drinking water should be free from color, turbidity, odor, and microbes. The poor drainage system and improper waste dumping in villages of Pakistan are the main source of drinking water contamination.
Conflicts of Interest All authors declare having no conflicts of interest regarding the publishing of this paper. Physicochemical and biological parameters of drinking water quality of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa KP. The main and major source of biological agents is unprocessed and unconventional treatment of human waste [ 59 ].
National Standards for Drinking Water Quality. Physicochemical and biological parameters of drinking water quality of twin cities. The physicochemical analysis of different samples collected from urban areas of Faisalabad showed that the pH value and hardness were within range as recommended by WHO.
The water quality of Nomal valley, Gilgit-Baltistan, indicated that the pH, temperature, turbidity, hardness, odor, taste, and alkalinity were within recommended range of WHO.
Qualitative analysis of water resources that are used for drinking purposes showed that the physical parameters of three sampling sites such as bore well, dug well, and hand pumps were not according to the recommendations of PEPA and WHO [ 97 ].Full Length Research Paper Bacteriological study of drinking water in the Pakistan’s peri-urban areas of Islamabad and Rawalpindi Nusrat Yasin1, Noureen Shah1, Jafar Khan1*, Noor us Saba2 and Zia ul islam3 1 That’s because drinking Water quality varies from place to place.
Full Length Research Paper Water Quality Management Plan for Patalganga River for Drinking Purpose and Human Health Safety Asheesh Shrivastava*, Shalini A Tandon, Rakesh Kumar water quality of Patalganga River.
The increased. J. Bio. Env. Sci. 64 | Hussain et al. RESEARCH PAPER OPEN ACCESS Evaluation of drinking water quality in urban areas of Pakistan: a case study of Gulshan-e-Iqbal Karachi, Pakistan.
S. Shuja and M.
Jaffar, “Drinking water quality guideline values, chemical and physical aspects,” in Proceedings of the National Workshop on Quality of Drinking Water, vol. 8, pp. 25–28, Pakistan Council of Research in Water Resources & Chemical Society of Pakistan, Islamabad, Pakistan, " Pakistan Council of Research in Water Resources " a government body responsible for water quality in Pakistan, has reported As contents above the WHO permissible limits in drinking water sources of some other regions such as.
For instance, a study conducted by Pakistan Council of Research in Water Resources (PCRWR) in all four provinces of Pakistan conclude that majority of the taken samples of water found insecure for drinking purposes.Download