Human relations management theory is, on the other hand, based on these non-economic motives. The Human Relations approach has been proved that this approach is relevant nowadays, even though it has been written almost 7 decades ago.
In addition, this theory focuses on an impersonal side of business. Take, for example, two people. Classical theory can establish an industrial harmony in the organisation by using their principles planning, organising, commanding, etc and the bureaucracy approach.
As a note, such companies which are using this approach, basically, have a very large number of employees. By these terms, it is obvious that Fayol concerned in commanding and controlling the organization towards high performance. Coordination and integration are necessary controlling mechanisms to ensure placid functioning, particularly when organizations become large and complex.
Fayol established five administrative functions: Major Approaches to Organisational Theory: Goal setting In an organization, goal setting is one of the control systems, a component of the appraisal process and an effective tool for human resource management Locke, ; Sherwin, The other hallmark of this approach is the viewing of employee motivation in terms of social needs rather than economic needs Lemak, It studies motives, supervision, group and intergroup behaviours.
Determining the decision making level A manager has to decide about the levels at which decisions are to be taken, and this would depend upon the type, impact and values of decisions.
He believed there is a most efficient working method by which employee should do their jobs. The efficient teamwork is still being used in many big companies nowadays such as General Electric, Unilever, and many big consulting companies.
This condition was normally happened in that time because most of company used predetermined results, usually throughout the number of finished product, to measure appropriate salary or incentives for the workers.
A poorly designed structure may: Bigger the size, higher the complexity, ii Interaction need: Trait theory stresses that there is a certain set of basic personality markers that set leaders apart from followers.
In conclusion, the Human Relations Approach introduced the significance of the informal organisation that always involves within the formal structure of organisation Mullins, Organisation needs to be looked as the social function where the relationship, people needs, and emotional needs are the driver of workers performance which can lead to enhancement of organisation performance Lemak, and Hersey, Human problems are caused by lack of understanding of human behaviour in organisations.Major Approaches to Organisational Theory: Classical and Neo-Classical Approaches!
1. Classical Approach (Theory X): Emphasis is on structural factors and functions or activities to achieve the objectives. Stress on specialisation and co-ordination, and chain of command facilitates co-ordination and.
Classical and neoclassical approaches of management: An overview came up the schools of neoclassical theory with a more human-oriented approach and emphasis on time needs, drives, behaviors and attitudes of individuals To compare and contrast between classical and neoclassical theory of management.
The Differences and Similarities Between a Classical and Human Relations Management Approach - Download as Word Doc .doc /.docx), PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or /5(3). In this essay, the nature of the “Classical” and “Human Relations” approaches to management will be described at first and then bring out the differences and similarities between them.
The classical theory of management was formed in the early 20th century and based on a pyramid, formal structure. Classical organization theory includes the scientific management approach, Weber's bureaucratic approach, and administrative theory.
The classical approach stressed the formal organization. It was mechanistic and ignored major aspects of human nature. Organizational Behaviour and Human Performance, May: Luthans, F. Classical management approach and human relation management.
Print Reference this. Published: 23rd This research was based on pessimistic view of human nature.
"Classical approach recognized human emotions buy felt that a logical and rational structuring of jobs and work could control human emotions." Classical Management .Download