The four characteristics we will discuss in Module five are: Conclusions cannot be made until a distinction is made between truth and validity.
In critical thinking and problem-solving we sometimes have to get out of the areas or zones that make us comfortable and stretch our thinking. Factual statements are called premises. A zone is defined as an area set apart in some way. Instead, ask yourself what you actually know about the subject, and about the source of that knowledge.
Honing your critical thinking, much like any other skill viz. In inductive reasoning, we use observations to draw conclusions or a hypothesis.
People often have trouble separating what is valid from what is true because of their ingrained beliefs. Inferences naturally flow from the evidence. Your practice will bring progress.
Give examples of how you conducted research, consulted appropriate sources, weighed your options, took the time to digest the information, and considered similar past scenarios. Step Out of Your Comfort Zone One of the first steps in developing non-linear thinking is to step out of your comfort zone.
When reasoning does not follow the rules, we say it is illogical. Logic is the branch of philosophy that gives the rules for deriving valid conclusions.
In this module, we will analyze these basic steps. For instance, we can use tree diagrams such as this one: You are assimilating and building on them in the light of your actual experience.
Even at the risk of appearing dogmatic and sceptical; ensure that you are flexible enough to pleasantly explain that you are not necessarily trying to prove anyone wrong, but are attempting to ascertain whether these are facts or opinions that might be open for further investigation.
Critical thinking is more than just thinking about thinking or metacognition. For example, if you encounter a senior at your workplace who seems to dislike you, you might think that you could have done something undesirable, or embody a not-so-likeable personality trait.
Do I impose my will upon others? With so many events happening on an international and national level each day, change is simply a standard course in businesses. Developing such a seeking spirit will certainly help you succeed both in and out of your current organisation.
When do I think with a bias favouring myself? The species which survive in an environment are those that are capable of adapting well. And with progress, insightful thinking will slowly but surely become second-nature to you. We can organize the information by making connections.
The four major steps of logical thinking are 1 asking the right questions, 2 organizing data, 3 evaluating the information, and 4 drawing conclusions.
In these moments, focus not only on the outcome but also how you came to the conclusion. Finally, we should check to see if any premises or vital information is missing.
Begin observing your egocentric thinking in action by contemplating answers to the following questions: We live in anxiety of the future. For example, if you were tasked with creating a logo for a new product, you might mention how studying the competition, interviewing potential customers, and analyzing past sales data for similar products helped you come up with a design.
How can I define the problem? Can I perceive the situation from a humorous angle? When we approach a problem in a different order, we are using non-linear thinking. We tend to worry unproductively. Critical Thinkers I The ear says more than the tongue.
A key attribute of the critical thinking process is the willingness to consider alternate points of view so you can develop more refined, well-rounded opinions, which must essentially include accepting that your current views might need a bit of conditioning.
While you do need to closely monitor your ego and any rigid opinions you may possess for a lack of openness, you also need to trust that you are capable of analyzing a situation and reaching your own informed conclusions.
Infer only what the data implies Check to ensure inferences are consistent Identify underlying assumptions Part 4: In fact, you might eventually realize that you were incorrect in assessing that the person disliked you in the first place, which could then lead you to analyze the interpretations of your current thought process.Critical Thinking: The Diverse Workplace and Leadership.
The workplace is becoming more culturally diverse and it is important for leaders to understand and manage these differences in workplace. You can also shine a light on your critical thinking skills by succinctly breaking down each project from start to finish.
In both the written summary and your verbal presentation, emphasize the challenge at hand, the solutions you considered and your process for interpreting, evaluating and solving the problem.
CHAPTER 5 Critical Thinking, Reading, and Writing The word critical here has a neutral meaning. It doesn’t mean taking a neg-ative view or finding fault, as when someone criticizes another person for.
Utilizing a structured problem-solving model, application and skills practice, they will gain the knowledge and tools they need to effectively apply critical thinking to business decision making.
Your employees will leave knowing how to work more collaboratively and avoid “analysis paralysis.”/5().
The subject of critical thinking and metacognition (thinking about thinking) is vast, so there are many resources both online and in print to help you retain the information from this course. The most effective technique to help you retain and improve your critical thinking.
Develop your critical thinking skills. Boost your ability to solve problems and make the right decisions at work, home and in study.Download